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Diet and Nutrition After Bone Marrow Transplant

6 min read

A nutrition rich diet is like a catalyst that accelerates the recovery process. It not only strengthens your immune system but also puts a stop to excessive weight gain. Therefore, the doctors always advise patients to follow a healthy and balanced diet after major treatments like a bone marrow transplant.

If you or any of your known persons have just been through a bone marrow transplant, then it is crucial to maintaining a healthy diet that can prevent high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and other adverse health effects. Read the list below and take your first step towards a healthy tomorrow:

1. Food rich in Minerals

The medicines often have some side effects on the body such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. To overcome these issues, it is advised that you take a diet rich in minerals such as Calcium, Phosphorous, Magnesium, and Potassium. Below is the list of food rich in these minerals:

  • Calcium: curd, paneer, calcium-enriched fruit juice, spinach, pudding, custard, tofu, canned salmon with soft bones, ragi etc.
  • Phosphorous: Biscuits, soybeans, soy milk, oatmeal, turkey, pancake, yogurt,
  • Magnesium: Almonds, cashew nuts, walnut ( in roasted form ), cowpea, moth beans, fruit like mango
  • Potassium: coconut water, amla, raisins, potato, spinach, sweet potatoes, brinjal, fruits like melons, prunes, peaches, sweet lime, banana
  • Remember, food products should be cooked thoroughly in hygienic while Calcium and Phosphorous will strengthen your bones, Magnesium and Potassium will maintain normal muscular contraction, normal fluid balance, and transmission of nerve impulses.


2. Multivitamins

It is recommended that you take multivitamins after your discharge from the hospital. However, do not take them in excessive amount as that can be harmful to the body. Also, do not choose vitamins that contain iron or herbs. For selecting your multi-vitamin diet, you can always seek your doctor’s guidance and approval.

3. Abstain from Alcohol

After a bone marrow transplant, there are chances that your liver function may decrease due to chemotherapy or the metabolism of medications. Hence, you should avoid alcohol or any alcohol based beverage. Consumption of alcohol can attack the stomach lining, which can cause excretion of nutrition and malnutrition. If you wish to drink beer or wine, first consult your BMT doctor.


4. Stay Hydrated

You may suffer from sores in the mouth and throat, making eating painful. Therefore, it is imperative that you should consume sufficient quantity of fluid to stay hydrated.You must also focus on the safety of your water and only drink clean and filtered water.

5. Food Products to Avoid

You are also advised to restrict the consumption of some food products to prevent foodborne illnesses. Some of these food products are raw or undercooked meat, cold smoked fish, unpasteurized dairy products, unpasteurized honey, raw nuts, alfalfa sprouts, unpeeled fruits and vegetables, uncooked herbs, spices and pepper among others. Apart from this, you should also reduce the intake of sodium as it can lead to high blood pressure and fluid retention.


Apart from this, you should also maintain a low-salt and low-fat diet with enough fiber as well. It is also recommended that you should follow a proper food safety including washing hands before food preparation, cleaning the tops of cans before using, washing countertops, using separate cuts boards for meat and vegetables, washing towels daily, defrosting all meat and poultry in the refrigerator before using, and freezing all leftovers for later use.

All these healthy habits and a nutritious diet can support your effective and fast recovery. If you get the bone marrow transplant done from renowned hospitals like Max Healthcare, then you get to consult some of the best nutrition specialists to create a healthy eating-schedule that can control the side effects of the treatment and suit your eating habits too.

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