When architects now design and create new buildings within urban environments, how we are going to live, and where we are going to live, have been important considerations as growing populations live longer, and climate change threatens the physical spaces we can occupy. For this reason, Oasys – building design software specialists – explore how architects are innovating the design of new buildings to accommodate our increasingly complex needs.
The world’s population is set to increase to 11.2 billion by 2100; of this growth, most of this will be within pre-existing cities.In 1930, only 30% of the world’s population lived in cities – compared to around 50% today; by 2050 66.7% of the world’s population will live in cities.
So that architects can maximize space when considering where these buildings will stand – innovative living complexes are being designed that are unconventional in their approach, compared to traditional structures. As we move forward and replace older designs, new builds will help to accommodate our increasingly complex living-needs.
Buildings Incorporating Green Spaces
Architects in the East are now exploring the possibilities of building structures that utilize the natural environments surrounding them, unlike conventional designs commonly found throughout the West.
Nanjing Green Light House
This lighthouse is named in this way because of its round structure and sophisticated façade designs, defying the conventionalities regarding what a lighthouse should be. Situated in Nanjing, Jiangsu, the building can gain 200 LUX of natural daylight for all working spaces – making it one of the first zero carbon buildings in mainland China.
China’s landscape was the inspiration behind this building, which suggests prioritizing what is natural alongside what is man-made. Through natural ventilation techniques, exposed windows and movable skylights, anyone can enjoy this working space that incorporates natural designs.
Downtown: Oasia Hotel
In downtown Singapore, this hotel is a vertical garden, which is an addition to the limited green spaces in the area. This tropical skyscraper counteracts the Central Business District within the Tanjong Pagar area and is meant to act as a prototype for how urban tropics will function within man-made landscapes.
Functioning as various sky gardens, known as additional ‘ground levels’ within the building, the building is innovating what can be considered a high-rise structure. The reason for this is that people can come together for recreational purposes within a green space. Each sky verandah is open side, which provides natural breezes to pass through the building for good cross-ventilation without the need for air-conditioning units. The building is also considered a natural haven for wildlife, with an overall green plot ratio of 1,100% – reintroducing biodiversity into the city that was initially driven away through construction.
A new skyscraper is being created that will rotate in downtown Dubai, which was designed by Israeli-Italian architect David Fisher. The structure was originally proposed in 2008, but after being put on hold, the structure has now been set for completion by 2020.
The structure will constantly change shape as it rotates, as it has been built in four dimensions to offer a constantly changing perspective for those who are viewing it from the outside. The reason for this is that the design should never look the same twice – appearing as a different building each time you look at it. Though each apartment will be able to rotate 360 degrees independently, the speed will be adjustable, and the stationary core will contain the elevator with apartments off-shooting this core.
It has been claimed that the building will power itself, changing the way buildings consume energy. There will be wind turbines between each floor, negating the need for excessive power supplies from fossil fuels. An apartment will not come cheap, with prices set to be at around the US $30 million. This is an exclusive project for those who want to pay the price to be at the forefront of innovation.